For the purposes of this report, the definition of an AI system is one that was established as a best practice in the recently released NIST AI RMF:
“An AI system is an engineered or machine-based system that can, for a given set of objectives, generate outputs such as predictions, recommendations, or decisions influencing real or virtual environments. AI systems are designed to operate with varying levels of autonomy.”
(Adapted from: OECD Recommendation on AI:2019; ISO/IEC 22989:2022.)1

It is important to note that NAIAC’s undertakings are a work-in-progress that will continue over the next two years. There are issues not addressed in this first-year report that we will focus on extensively in subsequent reports, as well as in panel discussions, and other mediums. We highlight some of those areas in the final section of this report.